Takhar Province. At the confluence
of the Kokcha and the Oxus
Rivers near Khwāja Ghar, c. 100km north-east of Qundūz.
Seleucid, 4th-3rd C BC; Graeco-Bactrian, 3rd-2nd C BC. (C-14,
ceramic, epigraphic, stylistic).
single period urban site in a naturally fortified position,
surrounded by defensive walls and , in places, a ditch. The
lower town consists of three distinctive parts: (A) a habitation
area to the south, (B) an administration area that includes
a palace in the middle, and (C) an almost empty area in the
north, with a main street connecting all three. The upper
town has a necropolis and an acropolis. Construction is of
mud-brick throughout, with columns and some thresholds in
stone. Finds include sculptures, terracottas, coins, jewellery,
Greek inscriptions, ivory throne fragments, a complete iron
suit or armour and two sundials. In the vicinity are remains
of many canals.
Ball, W. Archaeological Gazetteer of
Afghanistan, Paris, 1982, p. 30
Heavily plundered by local commander