SPACH Photo Catalogue of Major Priority Sites and Monuments:

Provinces:

Badakhshan Badghis
Baghlan
Balkh
Bamyan
Farah
Faryab
Ghazni
Ghor
Herat
Helmand
Jawzjan
Kabul
Kandahar
Kapisa
Khost
Kunar
Kunduz
Laghman
Logar
Nangarhar
Nimroz
Nuristan
Paktika
Paktya
Parwan
Samangan
Sari Pul
Takhar
Uruzgan
Wardak
Zabu
l

 

BALA HISSAR,

LOCATION: In Kabul


DESCRIPTION:
The ancient walls of Kabul begin at Bala Hissar, the ancient citadel or High Fort. Seven meters; 23 ft. high and 3.7 m; 12 ft. thick, with strategically positioned sentry towers, the walls are generally assigned to the turbulent Hephthalite period during the 5th century A. D. Succeeding dynasties added and repaired them down through the 18th century.

Kabul’s Bala Hissar, rising 150 feet above the plain, witnessed most of the exciting events of Afghanistan’s history up until the spring of 1880. Babur, founder of the Moghul Empire of India, lived here early in the 16th century. He loved it well, did much to embellish it, and wrote poetry extolling its commanding view. Succeeding dings alternately ruled from it or languished in its dungeons. Then, on that fateful day in September 1879, a British Representative, Sir Louis Cavagnari, and his escort, were cut down in one of its palaces on the southern side. This vivid protest against British interference in Afghan affairs brought a British army to occupy the Bala Hissar, hang rebellious chieftains from gallows erected in its courtyards, and to close its story the following spring when they demolished it as “a lasting memorial of our ability to avenge our countrymen” (General Robertson).”

From Dupree,N.H. An Historical Guide to Afghanistan, Kabul, 1977, p. 83

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