SPACH Photo Catalogue of Major Priority Sites and Monuments:

Provinces:

Badakhshan Badghis
Baghlan
Balkh
Bamyan
Farah
Faryab
Ghazni
Ghor
Herat
Helmand
Jawzjan
Kabul
Kandahar
Kapisa
Khost
Kunar
Kunduz
Laghman
Logar
Nangarhar
Nimroz
Nuristan
Paktika
Paktya
Parwan
Samangan
Sari Pul
Takhar
Uruzgan
Wardak
Zabu
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"BABUR'S GARDENS
,


LOCATION: The gardens lying on the western slopes of the mountain called Sher-i-Darwaza, known as Babur's Gardens, have been popular since the Moghul Emperor Babur laid them out in the middle of the 16th century.
 

DESCRIPTION: " On entering, the first structure to meet the eye is the charming summer pavilion built by Amir Abdur Rahman (1880-1901). It is shaded by magnificent pillared veranda one looks down upon terraced gardens dotted with fountains. Inside, the ceilings are beautifully painted in the style of the late 19th century. Not many examples remain to be seen today.

Walking up the hill via a path once lined with stately cypress  trees, one comes to the beautiful marble mosque built by the Moghul Emperor Shah Jahan in 1646 to celebrate his capture of Balhk. The mosque was restored by Italian archaologist-architects under the direction of B. C. Bono in 1964-1966.

 The modes tomb of Babur, founder of the Moghul dynasty of India, lies on the terrace above the mosque. Babur died in Agra in 1530 but he so loved this garden that he asked to be brought here for burial. Unrest throughout the empire, much of it occasioned struggles for the throne between sons holding Kabul and Kandahar, prevented the immediate fulfillment of this request. At length it was his loyal Afghan wife, Bibi Mubarika (Blessed Dasel) Yusufzai, who brought him back to his beloved Kabul.

For  a long time another wish, that nothing cover his grave so that the rain and the sun could beat upon it and perhaps encourage a wild flower to grow, was honored, but during the reign of King Nadir Shah the present marble stone was placed over the grave and covered with a small pavilion. The headstone dates from the time of Moghul Emperor Jahangir (17th century). A son Mirza Hindal, and a grandson, Mohammad Hakim Mirza, lie beside him. A daughter, Nawab Gawhar Nisa Begum, lies to the west of the emperor; a grand-daughter, Roqia Sultan Begum, daughter of Mirza Hindal, lies on the upper terrace."

From Dupree, N. H. An Historical guide to Afghanistan. Kabul. 1977. p. 88.

CONDITION:

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